o Moving immediately after the kick into nearby attacking positions before the Standard first/second/third defender strategies apply (see defensive tactics, below) .. Favorite for many years of English teams, long ball soccer depends, as . Download full-text PDF. Attacking Introduction. Strategies and tactics are important factors that influence the with attacking and defensive tactics in soccer. next page is an example of the team's tactics being used effectively, taken from Tactical Analysis of PEP GUARDIOLA - Transition from Attack to Defence (Low Zone) The teams can use the same or different formations and all players are . There needs to be good defensive organisation and movements in our own half.
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Tactics, Defensive Team Tactics, Small Group Tactics, Attacking Restarts and attacking. The two wide midfielders are used as wingers, providing automatic. Strategies and tactics are important factors that influence the outcome of the ) and can be associated with attacking and defensive tactics in soccer. S o ccer. Mastering the Modern Game. Abo. Attacking. Soccer. Mastering the strategies make successful actions in the orderly, safe structure of the possession . group and team tactics with respect to offensive and defensive principles.
This formation is suited for a short passing game and useful for ball retention. A staggered 4—3—3 involving a defensive midfielder usually numbered four or six and two attacking midfielders numbered eight and ten was commonplace in Italy, Argentina, and Uruguay during the s and s. The Italian variety of 4—3—3 was simply a modification of WM, by converting one of the two wing-halves to a libero sweeper , whereas the Argentine and Uruguayan formations were derived from 2—3—5 and retained the notional attacking centre-half.
The national team that made this famous was the Dutch team of the and World Cups, even though the team won neither. It was also the formation with which Norwegian manager Nils Arne Eggen won 15 Norwegian league titles.
[PDF] Soccer Strategies: Defensive and Attacking Tactics Popular Online
Most teams using this formation now use the specialist defensive midfielder. Mourinho has also been credited with bringing this formation to England in his first stint with Chelsea. The formation focuses on the attacking midfielder moving play through the centre with the strikers on either side. It is a much narrower setup in comparison to the 4—3—3 and is usually dependent on the "1" to create chances.
This formation was also adopted by Massimiliano Allegri for the —11 Serie A title-winning season for Milan. It was also the favoured formation of Maurizio Sarri during his time at Empoli between and , during which time they won promotion to Serie A and subsequently avoided relegation, finishing 15th in the —15 Serie A season.
The width in the team has to come from the full-backs pushing forward.
The defensive midfielder is sometimes used as a deep lying playmaker, but needs to remain disciplined and protect the back four behind him.
This allows the remaining three midfielders to play further forward and more aggressively, and also allows them to pass back to their defensive mid when setting up a play or recovering from a counterattack. The 4—1—3—2 gives a strong presence in the forward middle of the pitch and is considered to be an attacking formation. Opposing teams with fast wingers and strong passing abilities can try to overwhelm the 4—1—3—2 with fast attacks on the wings of the pitch before the three offensive midfielders can fall back to help their defensive line.
Valeriy Lobanovskiy is one of the most famous exponents of the formation, using it with Dynamo Kyiv , winning three European trophies in the process. Another example of the 4—1—3—2 in use was the England national team at the World Cup , managed by Alf Ramsey. Terry Venables and Christian Gross used this formation during their time in charge of Tottenham Hotspur.
Since then, the formation has lost its popularity in England. In this approach, the middle of the three central midfielders act as a playmaker while one of the attacking midfielders plays in a free role. However, it is also common for the three midfielders to be energetic shuttlers, providing for the individual talent of the two attacking midfielders ahead. The "Christmas Tree" formation is considered a relatively narrow formation and depends on full-backs to provide presence in wide areas.
The formation is also relatively fluid. During open play, one of the side central midfielders may drift to the flank to add additional presence. This system merges the winger and full-back positions into the wing-back , whose job it is to work their flank along the full length of the pitch, supporting both the defence and the attack.
Having only three dedicated defenders means that if the opposing team breaks through the midfield, they will have a greater chance to score than with a more conventional defensive configuration, such as 4—5—1 or 4—4—2.
However, the three forwards allow for a greater concentration on attack.
This formation is used by more offensive-minded teams. In order to properly counteract the additional forward pressure from the wing-backs in the system, other sides, including Ronald Koeman 's Everton and Mauricio Pochettino 's Tottenham, also used the formation against Chelsea. Because of this, the central midfielder tends to remain further back in order to help prevent counter-attacks.
It differs from the classical 3—5—2 of the WW by having a non-staggered midfield. It was used for the first time at international level by the Argentine coach Carlos Bilardo.
Many teams also use a central attacking midfielder and two defensive midfielders, so the midfielders form a "W" formation. Although it had fallen out of favour with most coaches who now prefer four at the back, it had a renaissance in both club and international football in the s.
At club level, it has been effectively used by former Juventus coach Antonio Conte , under whom Juventus won three back-to-back scudetti between and , or by Louis van Gaal at Manchester United.
20 Soccer Drills – For players and coaches – Videos Included
Cesare Prandelli used it for the Italy's 1—1 draw with Spain in the group stage of Euro , with some commentators seeing Daniele De Rossi as a sweeper. This was successful in minimizing the Dutch weaknesses inexperience in defence and maximising their strengths world-class forwards in Robin van Persie and Arjen Robben.
In fact, it is very rare to see it as an initial formation, as it is more useful for maintaining a lead or tie score. Its more common variants are 3—4—2—1 or 3—4—3 diamond, which use two wing-backs. The lone forward must be tactically gifted, not only because he focuses on scoring but also on playing the ball back towards the own goal to assist with back passes to his teammates. Once the team is leading the game, there is an even stronger tactical focus on ball control, short passes and running down the clock.
On the other hand, when the team is losing, at least one of the playmakers will more frequently play in the edge of the area to add depth to the attack. The formation can be used to grind out 0—0 draws or preserve a lead, as the packing of the centre midfield makes it difficult for the opposition to build up play. Due to the lone striker, however, the centre of the midfield does have the responsibility of pushing forward as well. The defensive midfielder will often control the pace of the game.
While it seems defensive to the eye, it is quite a flexible formation, as both the wide players and the full-backs join the attack.
3-5-2 Soccer Formation
In defence, this formation is similar to either the 4—5—1 or 4—4—1—1. It is used to maintain possession of the ball and stopping opponent attacks by controlling the midfield area of the field. The lone striker may be very tall and strong to hold the ball up as his midfielders and full-backs join him in attack.
Attacking Center Midfielder The attacking midfielder must be a very good 1v1 player, have excellent vision for penetrating passing, be creative and unpredictable, be able to play quick combinations, shoot in tight spaces and always be considered a threat to score when on the ball.
The attacking center midfielder can inter-change positions with either on of the strikers. The effectiveness of the attacking center midfielder will be measured in goals and assists. However, the days of the attacking center mid walking around and not playing defense are over. Todays attacking center midfielder is expected to very work hard on the defensive side of the ball.
Todays winger must be good in possession looking to create overloads that can be exploited with intelligent combination play.
In the the wingers will have plenty of passing options with two strikers and a five-man midfield. Wingers can cut into the center of the field if the striker runs the channel. Once the winger comes central, they must be able to play almost with the same skills as a central midfield player. The wingers defensive responsibilities in the depend on the coaches tactics, which will be discussed later in the book.
If one winger is more technical with good crossing ability but lacks 1v1 ability, that is alright as long as the other winger has the ability to penetrate off the dribble. The two players will balance each other out, the coach can also allow the wingers the freedom to change sides to force the opponent to adjust or even exploit a poor match-up.
Strikers The strikers in a can vary in characteristics. The coach may elect to go with one striker who is a target player type, while the other will be more of a pacey speed player, usually one of the strikers will have pace.
Strikers should be good finishers, be able to create space to shoot and have excellent 1v1 abilities. Some coaches may elect to press both strikers high onto the two center backs or one keep one high and the other will drop in-between the defensive lines. I like to allow one striker the freedom to run the channel when its possible, as the winger cuts inside.
However, having two strikers central allows them to play off of each other. On the defensive side of the ball, the strikers are the first line of defense and responsible for the initial pressure.
It is crucial that the strikers work hard and follow the game plan, good defense starts with the strikers. Later in the book we will cover the different responsibilities for striker depending on how the is deployed. Goalkeeper Every coach wants the keeper to be well rounded, possessing both skillful feet and solid hands. Ideally the keeper is a minimum of 6ft tall with excellent athletic ability.
I want my keeper to be a leader and organizer who literally directs the entire game from the goal. Keepers that read the game and direct their team can shut down dangerous situations before they even happen. Intelligent keepers can do everything from intercepting through-balls to starting a quick counter attack. With only three in the back the keepers must take the responsibility to organize the team at every possible moment.
The actual formation may only be recognizable before the whistle or possibly in the defensive phase. The phases of the game occur from defending to attack and attack to defending, the four phases of the game are attacking transition, attacking organization, defending transition, defending organization. Coaches should study all aspects of a formation, including each phase of play in the formation and the transition from phase to phase, by doing this the coach will learn how and why to make adjustments.
Great tactical coaches are always learning on the job by constantly observing, reflecting and adjusting. Recently, Juventus from Italy have had great success using the as both a defensive counter-attacking system and a full out attacking system. This type of defensive posture in the converts the formation into a , this shape is a very difficult to break down.
However, I do want to make the point that soccer is a dynamic free flowing changing game, at any time the back line could have 3, 4 or 5 players in it, the midfield may have players or maybe both strikers go up as a unit to pressure the ball. The shape of the team from a tactical standpoint on defense might be a , but many variations will inevitably appear during the game regardless of the game plan.
When Juventus played Bayern Munich in the Champions league in , the pundits claimed they used a , and a in the same game. I prefer to look at it as dynamic that morphed into a many different shapes, adjusting to real time game situations! Top counter attacking teams usually have one very fast striker that can finish and another skillful link-up player with great vision and passing ability.
Having a fast intelligent striker will serve to unbalance the opposition if they decide to press up high and compact the field, making it difficult to find space to play. A pacey striker will force the opponent to lengthen the field and respect the counter, in turn freeing up space for the midfield to play more freely when in possession.
When a team sits deep in the and counter attacks with players, it presents major tactical problems for the opponents, especially if there is a speed mismatch. Many titles have been won by teams who have mastered the counter attack, while playing a low defensive block.
Every great counter attacking team travels at fast vertical speeds down the field to goal, making them extremely difficult to defend against. The can be a fantastic system to use if you are looking to have a secure defense , while still being fast and dangerous on the counter.
The keys to effective counter pressing include the closest player to the ball pressing within 2. In order to play the in this fashion players must be physically fit, mentally committed and not waste the ball once possession is regained.
The line of confrontation in counter pressing starts at the opponents yard line from goal kicks.
Teams may also elect to keep a slightly more-narrow shape in possession when playing a counter pressing style, this will help with pressing when the ball is lost because the distance will be shorter to travel when pressing after losing the ball. Teams that learn to counter press successfully are very difficult to play against. Four Phases of Play: Attacking Transition, Attacking Organization, Defensive Transition, Defensive Organization Basic Formation: In this example I have a triangle in the center-midfield but you can arrange the center-midfield anyway you like to fit your tactics and the phase of play.
Attacking Transition: This is a very basic example of team movement from defending to attacking in transition.
The wingers provide width, one center mid stays close to the center backs, the strikers press up and one or two center midfielders will commit to the attack. In reality, a winger can cut inside, the striker can run a channel, the center midfielders can play conservative and send one or more aggressively and send two; the point I want to make is that there is much flexibility in terms movement in the Successful dribbling combines a number of different elements including running with the ball, close control, spatial awareness and the ability to twist, turn and accelerate at pace.
To find space, occupy the space left free by a teammate. In the following clip, we see how Stoke City almost scores by pressuring Manchester City but also leave themselves open to the counter attack. Even the very best strikers in the world rely on the great services of their mid-field maestros.
The center midfielders will look to drop into the gaps between the center backs to receive the ball on the half turn, so they can play forward if possible. This is how a good player can be recognised Main individual tactics for defending Always keep yourself between your opponent and your own goal.
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